Japanese Shoji Screen
Culturally, shoji screen has been completely diffused throughout Japanese society and many homes in Japan have at least one traditional styled room called washitsu. It features tatami flooring and shoji screens rather than draperies covering the window.
The most diffused types of Shoji screen are fusuma and tobusuma.
Shoji screen paper is often called rice paper, even if washi has nothing to do with rice. It is made with fibers from the kozo tree, a tree of the same family as the mulberry tree. The washi paper used for shoji screens is made with a specific technique. The thinness of the paper allows the right amount of light to go through and at night, shoji screen is used to light a room as their white surface, reflecting the indoor light, brightens the room.
Shoji ScreenIn tea houses they are preferred to glass windows or wooden doors because when the molecules of air move through the washi paper’s microporous structure, it leaves heat as the molecules bump into the fibers.
Today the natural materials, the colors, the texture, and the quality of light of a shoji screen are all very familiar to Japanese people, and many other people in the world.